Another term for "betting," that is, to start the action
is to start the betting.
A small sum of money, placed in the pot by each player. Antes
are used in Stud and Draw, but not in Hold'em or Omaha.
A bet that must be posted by the player two seats to the left
of the button. It is equal to the amount of the smaller betting
limit in a game, for example, in a 10-20 game, the big blind
would be $10.
Forced bets placed in the pot by the first two players in front
of the dealer button, in Hold'em and Omaha. See "small
blind" and "big blind."
To bet when you hold a weak hand, hoping that the intimidation
factor of your bet can win the hand.
In Stud, a bet that must be made on the very first betting round.
Usually the player showing the lowest card is forced to make
a bet; in some games, the player showing the highest card is
forced. The bring-in applies only on the very first betting
round, though. On all further rounds, the player showing the
highest hand on board has the OPTION to bet first, but need
To match a bet that has been made.
To possess the option to bet, but decline. A player cannot check
once someone else has bet; at that point, the player must call,
raise, or fold. But if no one has yet bet, a player can check,
allowing the betting option to pass to the next player.
To check, indicating weakness, with the intention of raising
after someone else bets.
Check-raises are allowed in all casino poker games; in some
home games, they are frowned upon.
The fifth community card in Hold'em or Omaha (in these games,
5th street is more often called "the river."). Also
sometimes used to refer to the fifth card received in 7 Card
In Hold'em or Omaha, the first three community cards, turned
up all at once.
To drop out of a hand.
The fourth community card in Hold'em or Omaha (in these games,
4th street is more often called "the turn."). Also
sometimes used to refer to the fourth card received in 7 Card
Cards that are face down and cannot be seen by the other players.
1) A single card kept along with a pair, in Draw, in an attempt
to make two pair. For example, someone might keep 3-3-K, drawing
two cards, in the hope that he might get either a three (for
trips) or a King (making two pair, Kings-up).
2) The highest single card held by two players in Hold'em who
each hold the same pair. For example, if the board in Hold'em
is A-10-8-5-2, and Player One holds A-J as his hand, and Player
Two holds A-Q, each player has a pair of Aces, but Player Two
has a better kicker and would win the hand.
Narrowing the Field:
To bet or raise in the hopes that you will drive out some players
whose hands are currently worse than yours, but who might improve
if allowed to stay in.
The best possible hand. This phrase is almost always used in
the context of a particular hand (otherwise "the nuts"
would just be a term for a royal flush). For example, in Hold'em,
a player holding 8-9 would hold "the nuts" if the
flop came 6-7-10. At that moment, the 6-7-8-9-10 straight is
the best possible hand. However, if the Turn card were a Jack,
and the River a Queen, a player holding A-K would then have
the nuts-a 10-J-Q-K-A straight.
The money in the center of the table, being contested by the
players still remaining in the hand.
The amount of money the casino takes from the pot to make money
from the poker game. In low limit games, the casino usually
rakes some percentage of the pot, usually a maximum of 10% of
the pot. In higher limit games, the casino makes money either
by charging players an hourly fee to play, or by collecting
a fee each time a player holds the button.
In Hold'em or Omaha, the fifth and final community card. Also
sometimes called fifth street.
A player known to be very conservative, who usually bets or
raises only when he has a very powerful hand.
A bet that must be posted by the player one seat to the left
of the button. It is usually equal to one half of the smaller
betting limit in a game, for example, in a 10-20 game, the small
blind would be $5. Occasionally, the small blind is some other
fraction of the big blind.
GLOSSARY Select a game Hold 'Em Omaha Omaha Hi/Lo 7 Card Stud
7 Card Stud Hi/Lo
Poker has a language somewhat to itself. Here is a glossary
to familiarize yourself with poker terminology.
Click here for our Chat Glossary.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W
A full house with three aces and any pair.
A five card hand that contains one Ace, with no straight or
flush or a hand with no pair in it.
A hand that contains two pairs, one of which is Aces.
Checking/Betting/Raising. A game in which players are playing
a lot of pots is considered an "action" game.
Any player who is still in the hand.
A purchase of more chips (optional) at the end of the re-buy
period in a tournament.
When a player bets all his/her chips.: In online poker, you
may be deemed "All-in" when you are disconnected (even
if you have chips remaining).
Money placed in the pot before the hand is begun.
B Back to top
When a hand is beaten by a lucky draw.
A draw and/or catch to an Inside Straight.
To place chips into the pot.
Bet the Pot
When a player bets the amount of the pot.
A straight that is A-2-3-4-5.
A designated amount that is placed by the player sitting in
the second position, clockwise from the dealer, before any cards
are dealt. (Players joining a game in progress must post a Big
Blind, but may do so from any position.)
A hand that contains an A-K.
The bet(s) that must be made by the two players sitting directly
to the dealer's left which will start the action on the first
round of betting. The blinds are posted before any cards are
dealt. (A "Blind" bet is one that is made in the dark
without looking at your cards).
When a player raises without looking at his hand.
To make other players believe that one has a better hand than
he/she might otherwise have by betting or raising when they
do not have the best hand.
The cards that are dealt face-up in a poker game for all players
to see. In flop games, five cards are dealt face-up in the center
of the table. In Seven Card Stud, four cards are dealt face-up
in front of each player.
When a player uses the lowest card on the flop to make a pair
with one of his own cards.
An Ace high straight (A-K-Q-J-10).
The forced bet made on the first round of betting by the player
who is dealt the lowest card showing in Seven Card Stud and
Stud 8 or Better. In Razz (Lowball) it is the highest card showing.
Bring It In
To start the betting on the first round.
A player who antes himself broke.
A pair of Aces.
Also known as the dealer button, it is a small round disk that
is moved from player to player in a clockwise direction following
each hand, to theoretically indicate the dealer of each hand.
The minimum amount of money required by a player to sit down
in a particular poker game.
C Back to top
When a player chooses to match the previous bet.
To call both a bet and raise(s).
To take the last of the maximum amount of raises allowed per
round of betting.
The room or space in a casino where poker is played.
A player's last chips.
To leave a game and convert your chips to cash.
When it's a player's turn to act and there has been no action
in front of them and he opts not to bet, he "checks."
When a player first checks and then raises in a betting round.
To return the blinds to the players who posted them and move
on to the next hand if no other players call. It also means
to "split the pot".
When two or more players conspire to cheat in a poker game.
Cards that are face-up and used by all players.
D Back to top
Dead Man's Hand
Two pair - Aces and Eights (Wild Bill Hickock was shot in the
back while playing this hand).
A tool to protect players in the event that their internet connection
is lost while involved in a pot.
This is the first exposed card, or "up" card, in a
player's hand in Stud games.
Hole cards. Cards that are dealt face down.
It's a Holdem hand consisting of a 10-2 (Brunson won the world
championship two years in a row on the final hand with these
Form of poker where each player is dealt five cards with the
option of discarding one or more and replacing them with new
ones and the low hand wins.
Form of poker where each player is dealt five cards down with
the option of discarding one or more and replacing them with
new ones to attempt to make a better hand.
A pair of Twos.
A pair of Twos.
E Back to top
Position on a round of betting where the player must act before
most of the other players at the table. (It's considered the
two positions located to the left of the Blinds. )
F Back to top
Also known as the "river" card. In flop games, this
represents the fifth community card on the table and the final
round of betting. In Stud games, this is the fifth card dealt
to each player and represents the third round of betting.
The weakest player at the table who loses the most money.
A poker game in which the player is dealt five cards down. They
have one draw to replace them and the best high hand wins the
A poker game in which each player is dealt five cards, one down
and four up, with betting after 2, 3, 4, & 5 cards.
Calling a bet without raising.
In Hold'em and Omaha, the first three community cards that are
dealt face-up in the center of the table all at one time. The
"flop" also indicates the second round of betting.
Poker games (Hold 'em and Omaha) that are played using community
cards that are dealt face up in the center of the table.
An employee of the cardroom who makes rulings and decisions.
Any five cards of the same suit.
When a player has four cards in his hand of the same suit and
is hoping to draw a fifth to make a flush.
To throw your hand away when it's your turn to act.
A required bet that starts the action on the first round of
a poker hand.
Four of a Kind
Four cards of the same number or face value ("quads").
In flop games, it is the fourth community card dealt (also known
as "the turn") and represents the third round of betting.
In Stud games, it is the fourth card dealt to each player and
represents the second round of betting.
Any three cards of the same number or face value, plus any other
two cards of the same number or face value.
G Back to top
To draw to and/or hit an inside straight.
H Back to top
A player's best five cards.
Split pot games.
Also known as Texas Hold 'em, where the players get two down
cards and five community cards. See our complete Hold 'em rules
in our Game Rules section.
These are the Down Cards in front of the players.
The casino or cardroom that is hosting the poker game.
I Back to top
Four cards which require another between the top and the bottom
card to complete a straight.\ Players who catch this card make
an Inside Straight.
J Back to top
A form of poker in which the cardroom or casino offers a jackpot
to a player who has lost with a really big hand (usually Aces
full or better).
A form of poker in which a player needs to have at least a pair
of jacks to open the betting.
K Back to top
Kansas City Lowball
Form of lowball poker in which the worst poker hand (2, 3, 4,
5, 7 of different suits) is the best hand. It's also known as
Deuce to Seven.
Keep Them Honest
To call at the end of a hand to prevent someone from bluffing.
A card that gives you a big draw or makes your hand.
In a session or tournament, the one hand that ends up being
a turning point for the player, either for better or worse.
The highest unpaired side card in a players' hand.
A method to stimulate action. It is a forced bet by someone
who has just won a pot(s).
A hand that contains a K-J.
L Back to top
Position on a round of betting where the player must act after
most of the other players have acted (usually considered to
be the two positions next to the button).
Lay Down Your Hand
When a player folds.
The first player to bet into a pot.
A game that has fixed minimum and maximum betting intervals
along with a prescribed number of raises.
The first player who calls a bet.
To enter the pot by calling rather than raising. (The usual
concept of "Limp In" is when the first person to speak
just calls the Big Blind.)
An instance where the player puts in a dark bet and is allowed
to raise, even if no other player raises. It's also known as
In Stud Games, cards that have not yet been seen and are presumed
to still be in play.
A hand that could still win the pot.
A not so knowledgeable player who plays a lot of hands.
When a player calls the final bet before the showdown.
Is a player who plays a lot hands, good and bad including regular
Flush and Str8 draws.
Is a form of draw poker in which the lowest hand wins the pot.
M Back to top
The center pot. Any other bets are placed in a side pot(s) and
are contested among the remaining players. This occurs when
a player(s) goes all-in.
To make the deck is to shuffle the deck.
A very aggressive player who plays a lot of hands.
In flop games, when a player makes a pair with one of his/her
down cards and the middle card on the flop.
Somewhere between the early and late positions on a round of
betting (the fifth, sixth and seventh seats to the left of the
To discard or throw away your hand. It's also a pile of cards
that are no longer in play.
The least amount you can start a game with.
A very big hand. In a tournament, a player who begins to accumulate
chips after having a small stack is considered to be a monster.
N Back to top
A game where players can bet as much as they like (as long as
they have it in front of them) on any round of betting.
The best possible hand in any particular game that can't be
beaten. Players often say 'I've got the nuts', however they
are not always telling the truth.
O Back to top
The probability of making a hand vs. the probability of not
making a hand.
Cards of a different suit.
A game in which each player is dealt four down cards with five
community cards. To make your hand, you must play two cards
from your hand and three from the board.
To make the first bet.
Four consecutive cards whereby one additional (consecutive)
card is needed at either end to make a straight.
A card that is dealt face-up.
A pair that has been dealt face-up.
An option is a Live Blind made in the dark before the cards
are dealt. If no one raises, the "option" player may
raise the pot.
A disc placed in front of a player who wishes to sit out a hand(s)
but remain in the game.
P Back to top
Face or picture cards (Jack, Queen and King).
Two cards of the same face or number value.
To call on the final round of betting when you may or may not
think you have the best hand.
Face cards (Jack, Queen and King).
To raise or re-raise another player's bet.
Playing the Board
In flop games when your best five card hand is all five of the
The down cards or hole cards.
A pair of Aces in the pocket or hole.
Where a player is seated in relation to the dealer, therefore
establishing that player's place in the betting order.
When you post a bet, you place your chips in the pot. (You must
post the Blinds.)
The money or chips in the center of a table that players try
This is a game where the maximum bet can equal the pot.
A person hired by the cardroom to work as a shill.
When the dealer pushes the chips to the winning player at the
end of a hand. It's also when dealers rotate to other tables.
To fold a hand.
Q Back to top
Four of a kind.
In High-Low games, it is a requirement the Low hand must meet
to win the pot.
R Back to top
A tray that holds 100 poker chips in five stacks of twenty chips
The rim of a poker table or a barrier outside a poker area.
Someone who hangs around a poker room who watches the games
and/or is looking to get into action.
To increase the previous bet.
Chips taken from the pot by the cardroom for compensation for
hosting the game.
The value of each card and hand.
When a player knocks on the table indicating that he/she has
Seven Card Stud where the lowest five cards win the pot.
The amount of money a player pays to add a fixed number of chips
to his/her stack in a tournament.
To raise a raise.
A "live" game that is not a tournament.
This is the last card given in all games. In Hold'em and Omaha,
it is also known as 5th street. In Stud games, it is also known
as 7th street.
Round of Betting
This is when players have the opportunity to bet, check or raise.
Each round of betting ends when the last bet or raise has been
Guys who hustle for a living. This is also the name of a popular
poker movie starring Matt Damon and Ed Norton.
This is an Ace high straight (A-K-Q-J-10) of the same suit.
It is the best possible hand in poker.
S Back to top
It is a mini-tournament to gain an entry into a larger tournament.
To win the entire pot.
A waiting list. A player would put his or her name on this list
if there were no seats at the table at which they wish to play.
In flop games, when you pair the second highest card on the
A well-known poker game in which players get three down cards
and four up cards. You play the best five of those seven cards.
This is the final round of betting in Seven Card Stud and Stud
8 or Better.
Shills are paid props who help start and maintain poker games.
At the end of the final betting round, it's when all active
players turn their cards face-up to see who has won the pot.
A separate pot(s) which is contested by remaining active players
when one or more players are all-in.
In Seven-card Stud, this is the fourth "up" card dealt
to the player (their 6th card). It is also the 4th round of
A fairly tight player (and reasonably good).
The amount put in the pot by the person immediately to the left
of the dealer "button" prior to the cards being dealt.
A pair of fives.
A pile of chips.
When a player remains in the game by calling rather than raising.
A five high straight (A-2-3-4-5) of the same suit.
A straddle is a Blind bet which is usually double the size of
the Big Blind\ (and that player may raise when the action gets
Five consecutive cards of any suit.
Five consecutive cards of the same suit.
The limits put on the blinds/ante, bets, and raises in any particular
Games in which players get down cards and up cards.
A player who is losing in a game.
T Back to top
This is also the name for Hold'em, the most popular form of
In Seven Card Stud and Seven Card Stud 8 or Better, this is
the first betting round on the first three cards.
Three of a Kind
Three cards of the same number or face value ("trips").
A player who doesn't play many pots. A tight game is one that
doesn't have much action.
Tournament of Champions.
In flop games, when the player pairs one of his down cards with
the highest card on board.
A pair of threes.
Three of a kind.
In flop games, this is the fourth card dealt. It is the third
round of betting.
A hand consisting of two different pairs.
U Back to top
A card that is dealt face-up.
V-W Back to top
A pair of sevens.
A card that can be played as any value.
A losing hand.
World Series of Poker.
This chat glossary will help with the social side of Poker
when you chat with the other players during the game. Remember
that if you type in capital letters it appears you are SHOUTING!!!
GG - Good game - a comment usually made at the conclusion of
an online tournament, by the winners only.
GH- Good hand
GP - Good play - comment from one player to another, very rarely
GTG - Got to go - usually from a player who has won money is
about to leave.
HeHe - Cheeky acknowledgement by a player that he was lucky
to win a hand.
LOL - Laugh out loud- player responds to good humour from another
player or mocks his own bad luck, very common.
Str8 - Srtaight
OMG - Oh my god - when a good hand is beaten by an even better
hand, also known as a bad beat.
NH -Nice hand
Tilt - I'm on a bad run.
TX - Thanks - comment from a player who has just won a big
pot (various versions of this are used).
UW - You wish.
VNH - Very nice hand
WT... - What the...
WTG - Way to go - congratulatory remark from one player to
another, usually well meant and quite rare.